central bank

a government monetary authority that issues currency and regulates the supply of credit and holds the reserves of other banks and sells new issues of securities for the government

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noun, pl ⋯ banks [count]
: a bank that does business with other banks and with the government and that controls a country's money supply and interest rates
central banker noun, pl ⋯ -ers [count]

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ˌcentral ˈbank [central bank] noun
a national bank that does business with the government and other banks, and issues the country's coins and paper money

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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